Japan is a country famous for its beautiful landscapes and traditional dishes. In terms of cuisine, sushi is an indispensable dish when traveling to Japan. Not only is the dish delicious and rich in nutrients, but it is also presented beautifully. Let's explore 13 types of sushi that must be tried when coming to Japan right below!
1. Nare Sushi / Narezushi
Nare Sushi / Narezushi
Sushi is said to have originated in China between the 5th and 3rd centuries BC, which means marinating fish in salt. Narezushi is the original form of sushi, prepared in Southeast Asia for centuries. Narezushi appeared in Japan in the 8th century, and still exists today in the form of traditional sushi.
Narezushi is made from rice and Funa fish (Crucian carp) taken from Lake Biwako in Shiga during spawning season. Then mix with rice vinegar and sake and brew them to wait for fermentation. After the fish is cleaned and the eggs are taken, people soak it in salt for about a month. It is then washed thoroughly with water and then incubated again in cooked rice and left for at least another six months to ripen.
The rice material is only used to stimulate fermentation, then it is discarded and only the rest is fermented fish.
2. Nigiri Sushi / Nigirizushi
Nigiri Sushi / Nigirizushi
The best known sushi is the oval-shaped rice ball sushi, also known as nigiri-sushi which means hand-pressed sushi. Nigiri sushi can be made with a variety of meats on top and is often served in sushi restaurants. Sushi chefs in Japan must go through an intensive training process to be able to make nigiri sushi.
Since the taste of sushi largely depends on how well the rice is cooked, making it delicious is extremely important. Locals often frequent sushi bar restaurants where the taste of sushi rice suits their taste. Please pay attention to this.
There is a type of sushi nigiri called gunkan maki which is a sushi rice roll wrapped in a sheet of nori seaweed and topped with various ingredients such as uni sea urchin or ikura salmon roe. Gunkan means warship in Japanese. To make gunkan maki, shape the rice roll into an oval shape and cover it with a string of seaweed. Then, place the ingredients (salmon roe or sea urchin) on top.
To eat nigiri sushi, you must first wash your hands thoroughly and then use your fingers to pick up a piece of sushi. Then dip the top of the sushi in soy sauce and enjoy. But be careful, to enjoy the full flavor you should not dip the rice in soy sauce.
About 70 years ago, people invented rice rolls mixed with vinegar in leaves in the sea, then covered with salmon roe, sea urchin, ... on top. Because of its shape like a battleship, it's called "Gunkan" in Japanese, hence "Gunkanmaki". If you are not used to it, you should eat this sushi last because its taste is quite heavy and not easy to eat.
Temarizushi is also called ball sushi because the outside looks like a small round toy ball. Temarizushi is made by holding sushi rice and "topping" into balls, garnished with salmon roe, mustard, cilantro or a little fish roe.
Oshizushi is molded sushi. Sushi rice is placed in a rectangular mold, put a piece of eel, salmon, egg, ... on top and then press and squeeze the mold. Because it is pressed tightly, the taste of the rice will absorb the sauce of the eel, so when eating it, it will have an indescribable rich feeling.
Futomaki is a more popular variation of sushi in the United States, and comes with ingredients that take their name from their place of origin. A roll can include many ingredients, including chopped scallops, spicy tuna, beef or chicken teriyaki rolls, okra, and vegetables like cucumber and avocado, and "tempura roll". Where shrimp tempura is inside the roll or the whole roll is crushed and fried tempura style. In the southern United States, many sushi restaurants prepare shrimp and crab rolls. Sometimes, rolls are made with brown or black rice, which also appear in Japanese cuisine.
7. Ehoumaki Sushi
Ehoumaki is a long sushi roll with seven ingredients, seven of which represent the seven gods of happiness "Shichifukujin" which symbolizes happiness and good luck. The Japanese eat Ehoumaki on Setsubun night with a devotion towards luck, closing their eyes to pray for health and success in work and life. Then just take a bite and don't cut it out because cutting it out is ineffective.
Ehoumaki sushi is a long cylinder of sushi rice wrapped in a thin nori or omelet, thicker than basic sushi maki, made with avocado, tofu, cucumber, rice, sautéed spinach, shiitake mushrooms, and eggplant. steamed carrots.
Now that the tradition of ehou-maki has become nationally popular, the event has become a traditional local event that originated in the Osaka area, to bring good luck, in early February. We can eat this dish at sushi restaurants or convenience stores in Japan.
Datemaki - sweet egg rolls, is a typical New Year's dish (osechi-ryori) in Japan. Tet cuisine often conveys wishes for a good new year that awaits ahead. The egg roll dish has something similar to the scroll that the ancients used to write. So eat this on Valentine's Day
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